Chanting: A Form of Yoga
Chanting as a Form of Yoga
With his arrival in America in 1920, Paramahansa Yogananda brought India’s universal art of devotional chanting to the West, introducing thousands to the experience of chanting together in devotion to God.
We hope that you can use this page as a resource for incorporating devotional chanting into your meditation practice. As you chant, individually or in a group, remember that in Autobiography of a Yogi Paramahansa Yogananda described chanting as “an effective form of yoga or spiritual discipline.”
With concentration and sincere devotion, rather than the mere increasing of emotion, you can apply yourself to this divine art form — one that Paramahansaji promises has wonderful results. “While praying or chanting, do not think of the words, but of their meaning, and intensely mentally offer the thought behind them to God,” he says in the Self-Realization Fellowship Lessons, “and your prayer will drop straight like a plummet into the depths of the sea of God’s consciousness.”
A Door to Divine Perception
As Paramahansaji says above, it is crucial to connect deeply with the meaning of the words of a chant. As a way of doing this, we invite you to participate in a guided meditation led by SRF/YSS President Brother Chidananda that focuses on visualizing and feeling the peace and bliss sung about in Paramahansa Yogananda’s chant “In the Temple of Silence” and the experience of darshan — the blessings that one receives from being in the presence of a true guru or saint, in this instance Paramahansaji himself.
The guided meditation above begins with Brother Chidananda extoling the value of all of the Guru’s Cosmic Chants, stating that each one can be “a door through which we absorb ourselves into that perception” which Paramahansa Yogananda himself experienced when composing that particular song to the Divine.
Brother Chidananda also speaks about how it is by the practice of the sadhana (spiritual discipline) given by the Guru, using the SRF/YSS techniques — the Hong-Sau Technique, the Aum Technique, and Kriya Yoga — and by employing devotion, that one enters into inner communion with the Infinite Beloved. Those techniques are taught in the SRF Lessons.
“In the Temple of Silence” by Paramahansa Yogananda
In the temple of silence, in the temple of peace,
I will meet Thee, I will touch Thee,
I will love Thee,
And coax Thee to my altar of peace.
In the temple of samadhi, in the temple of bliss,
I will meet Thee, I will touch Thee,
I will love Thee,
And coax Thee to my altar of bliss.
The guided meditation led by Brother Chidananda is taken from a satsanga recorded during the centennial celebrations of Yogoda Satsanga Society of India in 2017. The full satsanga is available from SRF as Yoga: The Quintessence of Spirituality.
The Power of Chanting
“Prelude” to Cosmic Chants by Paramahansa Yogananda
[Chant traditions from many cultures are being recognized today not only for their intrinsic beauty but also for their spiritual power. Paramahansa Yogananda was a pioneer in introducing India's art of devotional chanting to the West. In the Preface to his book Cosmic Chants, written in the 1930s, he explains how "spiritualized" chants help to quiet and focus the mind in preparation for meditation:]
Popular songs are usually inspired through sentiment or passing interests. But a song born out of the depths of true devotion to God and continuously chanted, audibly or mentally, until response is consciously received from Him in the form of boundless joy, is a spiritualized song.
Such songs like live matches produce the fire of God-awareness whenever they are struck on the foundation stone of devotion. Ordinary songs are like wet matches that do not produce any spark of divine realization.
Each of the Cosmic Chants in this book has been spiritualized; that is, at various gatherings each song has been sung aloud and mentally until the chanters found actual response from God. It is hoped that every reader will sing these chants, not as ordinary music to please the ear or emotions, but as soul-saturated songs to be used for divine communion.
Sound Is the Most Powerful Force in the Universe
Sound or vibration is the most powerful force in the universe. Music is a divine art, to be used not only for pleasure but as a path to God-realization. Vibrations resulting from devotional singing lead to attunement with the Cosmic Vibration or the Word. "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God" (John 1:1).
Singers of these songs who want the best results should chant them alone or with true devotees of God, with ever increasing devotion and fervor. After the notes are learned, one's undivided attention should be given to repeating them with deeper and deeper devotion, striving fully to understand the meaning of the words in the chant, until one is immersed in the bliss of singing. This joyous feeling is the first perception of God.
Words that are saturated with sincerity, conviction, faith, and intuition are like highly explosive vibration bombs that have power to remove the rocks of difficulties and to create the change desired.
The five states are: chanting aloud—whisper chanting—mental chanting—subconscious chanting—superconscious chanting. Subconscious chanting becomes automatic, with internal consciousness only, when the mind effortlessly repeats a chant in the background of one's thoughts and activities.
Superconscious Chanting Leads to Perception of Aum
Superconscious chanting is that in which internal chanting vibrations are converted into realization and are established in the superconscious, subconscious, and conscious minds. Holding the attention unbrokenly on the real Cosmic Vibration, Aum or Om, not on an imaginary or an outward sound, is the beginning of real superconscious chanting.
One of the Ten Commandments in the Bible is: "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain." Whenever one repeats a chant or prayer absentmindedly, without complete attention on the Lord, one has taken the Divine Name in vain; that is, without result, without utilizing the omnipresent power of that Name, and without receiving God-response. The Lord does not answer such parrot prayers. To repeat a chant with ever-increasing understanding and devotion is to take the Name of God, not in vain, but effectively.
One who sings these spiritualized songs, Cosmic Chants, with true devotion will find God-communion and ecstatic joy, and through them the healing of body, mind, and soul.
Joy Is the Proof That God Has Answered the Devotee
Each of these chants should be sung not once but many times, utilizing the cumulative power of repetition, until the singer feels great bliss wafting through the radio of his heart. When this joy is felt it is proof that God has answered the singer, and that his devotion has been properly tuned; the broadcasting of his ardor in chanting has been true and deep.
He who chants these songs with great devotion, in solitude or in congregational singing, will later discover that the chants are repeating themselves in the subconscious background of his mind, bringing an ineffable joy even while he is in the thick of the daily battle of activity.
Gradually the subconscious repetition will change into superconscious realization, bringing the actual perception of God. One must chant deeper and deeper until the chanting changes into subconscious and then superconscious realization, bringing one into the Divine Presence.
Each devotee should set aside a regular time for singing these songs. Chant first aloud, then whisperingly, then mentally. A group, gathered together in the Name of God, should choose one of these chants and sing it with piano or organ accompaniment, then more slowly, then in a whisper without any accompaniment, and finally mentally only. In this way deep God-perception can be obtained.
American Audiences Understand These Soul Chants
Music that is saturated with soul force is the real universal music, understandable by all hearts. I have had many demonstrations of this truth during years of appearing before American audiences. I was giving a series of lectures at Carnegie Hall in New York in April 1926 and at that time I suggested to some musical friends the idea of my singing one of these chants, asking the whole audience to join in, without previous rehearsal. My friends thought the chants would be alien to American understanding.
I protested that music is the universal language of the soul's devotion to God and that all soulful people, whether familiar or not with Eastern or Western music, would understand the divine yearning of my heart during chanting.
One evening I started to chant "O God Beautiful" and asked the audience, who had never before heard the song, to join me in chanting it. For one hour and twenty-five minutes, the thousands of voices of the entire audience chanted "O God Beautiful" in a divine atmosphere of joyous praise. Even after I had left the stage, the audience sat on, chanting the song. The next day many men and women testified to the God-perception and the healing of body, mind, and soul that had taken place during the sacred chanting, and numerous requests came in to repeat the song at other services.
This experience at Carnegie Hall, the music temple of America and the scene of the triumphs of many great singers and musicians, was a spontaneous tribute to the universal nature of soul music and to the untutored understanding of Westerners regarding the Eastern chants.
Since that evening I have sung these chants thousands of times with Western and Eastern audiences and have seen divine benefits showered on devotees who chant with love the Lord's blessed Name.
Los Angeles, California
December 4, 1938
Excerpted from Paramahansa Yogananda's book Cosmic Chants
Kirtans From SRF World Convocations
Below you will find kirtan (devotional chanting) led by SRF/YSS monastics. These videos also incorporate periods of meditation in between the chants, and are 90 minutes or 3 hours in length in total — though of course you may choose to incorporate just portions of these videos into your daily meditation practice.
Listen to Kirtans
Below you can enjoy devotional chanting by Paramahansa Yogananda (singing "In the Temple of Silence") followed by a sample of recordings of chants performed by the SRF nuns kirtan group and the SRF monks kirtan group.
The albums from which these chants are taken are available for downloading from the SRF Bookstore, and can be found along with other SRF music on most popular streaming services. Search “Self-Realization Fellowship” on Spotify, Apple Music, Amazon, YouTube Music, Deezer, Pandora, iHeart radio, and more to find available SRF recordings.